Accreditation and WTO requirements
WTO TBT Agreement
Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
- TBT: Barriers to trade created by technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures when they are established for national trade protection reasons.
- TBT became a prominent means of trade protection when the WTO concentrated on reducing tariff and quantitative restrictions to trade.
- Tariff and quantitative restrictions on imports were replaced with a multitude of national standards and regulations which had the primary intent of:
- Creating barriers to market entry for foreign producers; and
- restricting market access to domestic producers
- Established with the main objective of ensuring that
- technical regulations;
- Standards; and
- Conformity assessment procedures,
- Do not create unnecessary obstacles to international trade.
- WTO members are required to comply with the agreement and all of its requirements.
Technical Regulations Why Mandatory?
- Recognized that no country should be prevented from taking legitimate measures necessary to ensure the following:
- Human or animal health and safety
- Environmental protection;
- National security;
- Regulatory measures are permitted as long as they do not constitute a “means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination between countries where the same conditions prevail” or where they represent a “disguised restriction to international trade”.
What are the principles of WTO agreements?
|TBT Principles||Technical regulations||Conformity assessment procedures||Standards|
|Avoidance of unnecessary obstacles to trade||✔||✔||✔|
Results of agreements/Arrangements
Accreditation and WTO requirements-International linkage